Submission of applications and their distribution are guaranteed by the adopted laws.

Submission of applications and their distribution are guaranteed by the adopted laws.

They expand and deepen their knowledge in the fields of botany, zoology, geology, geography, meteorology, astronomy, agriculture and forestry, history of culture and art.

Tourism contributes to the study of history and the formation of worldview, leads to the observation and active protection of natural resources. Since tourism is carried out to a greater extent in the team, when one depends on the other and necessarily requires tact, careful attitude to each other, when their own interests can not be put above the interests of the team, it all presents great opportunities for intensive education in in the spirit of collectivism and for the formation of such valuable character traits as self-confidence, the ability to come to the rescue …

Tourism is understood as the theory and practice of various kinds of hikes, climbing mountains and traveling for the purpose of sports competition, active recreation, education and upbringing. For travel on vacation using public or private transport, in which the main place is occupied by conversations and recreation, the word tourism is increasingly suitable. Tourism is part of physical culture and sports, as it is a manifestation of a healthy lifestyle, development, perfection and preservation of physical activity and comprehensive training.

In the tourist activity the focus is on various forms of planned and organized tourist trips, bicycle tourism, boat trips and ski trips. In addition, tourism is associated with cultural values. Especially important is tourism in the organization of leisure for young people.

During travels and trips both in the countries, and in other countries tourists get acquainted with the country, its people, their life and national culture. They expand and deepen their knowledge in the fields of botany, zoology, geography, geology, meteorology and astronomy, agriculture and forestry, history and culture. Properly organized travel or hike makes an important contribution to the development of general education. Due to the constant movement on the ground, the ability to use a map and compass, active participation in various games on the ground and tourist competitions expand the horizons of each participant.

Tourism is a great help in the study of history and worldview, leads to respect and active protection of natural resources. Since tourism is carried out for the most part in the team, when one depends on the other and necessarily requires factual, attentive attitude to each other, when personal interests can not be put above the interests of the team, and all this forms such traits as will, endurance, independence, determination and willingness to help. The success of education depends on how deep the experience was and how great the complexity of this tourist trip.

Tourism is excursions, hikes and trips in which rest is combined with cognitive and educational purposes. According to the purpose and forms of tourism is divided into planned (excursion) and amateur.

In planned tourism, participants travel by bus, plane, ship, train on pre-planned routes, stay in hotels or camp sites, where they are provided with accommodation, meals and a guide.

In amateur tourism, travel is built entirely or partially on self-service. Here tourists themselves plan routes and a way of movement, provide to themselves a food, an overnight stay and a place of rest, plan places for excursions.

Regarding the issue of rational use of nature and tourism, it should be noted that now a wide network of well-founded youth tourist bases, temporary camps, campsites and tourist stations has been developed. Thanks to the strong support of government agencies, the network of tourist bases is constantly expanding to meet the needs of the population.

This situation improves the conservation of natural resources, helps to control tourist traffic and the actions of tourists during outdoor recreation.

Youth tourist bases are state organizations with premises for accommodation, stay and food, as well as institutions for cultural, sports and tourist activities. Submission of applications and their distribution are guaranteed by the adopted laws.

Campgrounds. Mountain and tourist huts and other buildings in which tourists have an opportunity to spend the night serve as temporary camp sites.

Nature is an inexhaustible source for man. From the material wealth it provides to resources such as recreation.

It should be noted that the use of recreational resources is not just an opportunity to improve a person’s health, but also a good opportunity to make a significant contribution to the economy. Thus, Spain, Italy and other countries where tourism is widely developed, receive about 30% of gross national product from site that writes lab reports for you tourism.

Ukraine also has considerable opportunities for nature use in the field of recreation. The southern shores of Ukraine (Odessa, Kherson region, Crimea), the Carpathian region, the Dnieper basin, Polissya – a considerable field for the development and use of recreational resources.

However, speaking about the economic side of such use of nature, we should not forget about environmental issues that are inevitably associated with the tourism industry.

Living in new places, tourists often cause considerable damage to nature, and therefore comes to the fore the problem of environmental management, the culture of tourism. Only a comprehensive approach to this issue, both by public authorities and by the citizens themselves, can allow the rational use of natural resources for health, recreation and cognitive activities.

Tourism is an opportunity to bring modern man closer to the natural environment, it is a unique opportunity for peaceful mutual enrichment.

The program "Tourism 2002-2010", which began to be implemented in Ukraine, is a clear example of the direction in which the recreational industry of Ukraine needs to move.

literature

Vakhlis KI "Tourist Sputnik". Kostrytsya M. Yu., Dubovich MS "Weekend Tourist Hike". Sergeev VN "Tourism and Health". Korobeynikov NK, Mikhiv AA, Nikolenko IG, Physical education. – Moscow, 1984. – (p. 316). Physical culture and sports. Small encyclopedia. -Moscow, 1982. "History of physical culture and sports".

09/14/2011

World transport system. Abstract

The world transport system includes: a network of roads (land, water, air, electronic), rolling stock of all modes of transport, transport corporations that organize commercial and investment activities in this area, people working in transport

The work of transport is the material basis of the geographical and international division of labor. Transport provides links between production and consumption, meets the needs of the population in transportation, is of great defense importance.

The volume and structure of transport determine the level of development and features of the economy of the country or region, and the configuration of the transport network – the features and patterns of economic activity.

By types of work transport is divided into two industries – freight and passenger, by type of use of environmental opportunities – by land, water (sea and river) and air, by type of use of means of transport – by rail, road, pipeline , draft, pack etc. There are work of transport within the state (domestic transport, at sea – cabotage) and international transport.

The total length of road, rail, water (excluding sea), air routes is about 30 million conventional kilometers. (The capacity of the conditional kilometer during the transportation of goods is the same as that of one kilometer of a single-track railway).

The highest density of the transport network was formed in North America (USA, Mexico, Canada), in Europe, including areas of Central and Eastern Europe, in East Asia (especially in Japan and East China), on the Indian subcontinent (India, Pakistan) and in the south. and eastern South America.

The rolling stock of the world’s transport in the 90’s to several million cars and hundreds of thousands of locomotives, more than 600 thousand cars, 80 thousand ships. Vehicles are constantly being improved. On the railways the speed of 250-300 km / h was reached. The car fleet is replenished with heavy-duty cars and comfortable passenger cars.

In road transport, more and more comfortable and environmentally friendly models of cars with relatively low fuel consumption per kilometer are being introduced. The naval commercial fleet is replenished with new large-capacity vessels – supertankers (150-250 thousand tons and more), bulk carriers (for bulk cargo), and specialized ships of the latest classes – container vessels, rollers (for transportation of cars and other equipment), sea automobile and railway ferries, etc.

The carrying capacity and speed of civil aircraft have increased. Modern aircraft can carry 250-500 passengers or more than 50 tons of cargo over a distance of 3.5-10 thousand kilometers at a speed of 800-900 km / h. There are more than 20,000 civilian airports in the world (15,000 in the United States alone), some of which have a capacity of more than 200-300, even more than 1,000 flights per day. In the United States, the largest airports in Chicago, Dallas, Los Angeles, San Francisco, them. J. Kennedy in New York, in Europe – Frankfurt and London, in Asia – Narita in Tokyo and Singapore.

The number of people employed in transport in economically developed countries and developing countries is 6-7% of the economically active population.

Land modes of transport in different countries and regions of the world have their own characteristics related to the size of the territory, the nature of the population, the level of economic development, the ratio of individual modes of transport and the total volume of its work …